Culture Of Rajasthan
is culturally rich and has artistic and cultural traditions which reflect the ancient
Indian way of life. There is rich and varied folk culture from villages which is
often depicted symbolic of the state. Highly cultivated classical music and dance
with its own distinct style is part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan. The
music is uncomplicated and songs depict day-to-day relationships and chores, more
often focused around fetching water from wells or ponds.
The Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have gained international
recognition. Folk music is a vital part of Rajasthani culture. Kathputali, Bhopa,
Chang, Teratali, Ghindar, Kachchhighori, Tejaji etc. are the examples of the traditional
Rajasthani culture. Folk songs are commonly ballads which relate heroic deeds and
love stories; and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis (often
accompanied by musical instruments like dholak, sitar, sarangi etc.) are also sung.
Rajasthan is known for its traditional, colorful art. The block prints, tie and
dye prints, Bagaru prints, Sanganer prints, Zari embroidery are major export products
from Rajasthan. Handicraft items like wooden furniture and handicrafts, carpets,
blue pottery are some of the things commonly found here. Rajasthan is a shoppers'
paradise, with beautiful goods found at low prices. Reflecting the colorful Rajasthani
culture, Rajasthani clothes have a lot of mirror-work and embroidery. A Rajasthani
traditional dress for females comprises an ankle length skirt and a short top, also
known as a lehenga or a chaniya choli. A piece of cloth is used to cover the head,
both for protection from heat and maintenance of modesty. Rajasthani dresses are
usually designed in bright colours like blue, yellow and orange.
Rajasthan is famous for the majestic forts, intricately carved temples and decorated
havelis, which were built by kings in previous ages. Jantar Mantar, Dilwara Temples,
Chittorgarh Fort, Lake Palace Hotel, City Palaces, Jaisalmer Havelis are part of
the true architectural heritage of India. Jaipur, the Pink City, is noted for the
ancient houses made of a type of sand stone dominated by a pink hue. At Ajmer, the
white marble Bara-dari on the Anasagar lake is exquisite. Jain Temples dot Rajasthan
from north to south and east to west. Dilwara Temples of Mount Abu, Ranakpur Temple
dedicated to Lord Adinath near Udaipur, Jain temples in the fort complexes of Chittor,
Jaisalmer and Kumbhalgarh, Lodarva Jain temples, Bhandasar Temple of Bikaner are
some of the best examples.
Rajasthan is often called a shopper's paradise. Rajasthan is famous for textiles,
semi-precious stones and handicrafts. The attractive designs of jewellery and clothes
are eye-catching and invite shoppers. Rajasthani furniture has intricate carvings
and bright colours. Rajasthani handicrafts are in demand due to the intricate work
on them. Above all, Rajasthan's shopping appeals to both tourists and people from
other parts of India due to its cheap prices for quality goods.
The main religious festivals are Deepawali, Holi, Gangaur, Teej, Gogaji, Makar Sankranti
and Janmashtami, as the main religion is Hinduism. Rajasthan's desert festival is
celebrated with great zest and zeal. This festival is held once a year during winters.
Dressed in brilliantly hued costumes, the people of the desert dance and sing haunting
ballads of valor, romance and tragedy. There are fairs with snake charmers, puppeteers,
acrobats and folk performers. Camels, of course, play a stellar role in this festival.