Location: Southern Rajasthan
Area: 6.5 sq. Km.
Altitude: 408 meters
Languages: Hindi, Rajasthani, English
Best Time to Visit: October to March
STD Code: 01472
Summer: 43.8-23.8 (Max.-Min.)
Winter: 28.37-11.6 (Max.-Min.)
The Chittaurgarh is known as one of the old city of colorful Rajasthan. The forts and palaces of Citttaur are glorious tales of valor and sacrifice in India.
It is the soil of great martyrdom, the Rajputs, who have seen the battle field from close quarters and have witnessed number of deaths in the Warfield. The brave Rajputs proved that they would rather embrace death than bow before a foreign power.
Alauddin Khilji was the first to sack Chittaur in 1303 A.D. overpowered by a passionate desire to possess the regal beauty, queen Padmini. Legend has it, that he saw her face in the reflection of a mirror and was struck by her mesmerising beauty. But the noble queen preferred death to dishonour and committed ‘Jauhar’.
In 1533 A.D., during the rule of Bikramjeet, came the second attack from Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat. Once again Jauhar was led by Rani Karanavati, a Bundi princess. Her infant son, Udai Singh was smuggled out of Chittaur to Bundi who survived to inherit the throne of the citadel. He learnt from his traumatic childhood that discretion is preferred to valour. So in, 1567 A.D. when the Mughal Emperor invaded Chittaur, Udai Singh fled to establish a new Capital, Udaipur-a beautiful lake city, leaving behind Chittaur to be defended by two 16 year old heroes, Jaimal of Bednore and Patta of Kelwa. These young men displayed true Rajput chivalry and died after ‘Jauhar’ was performed. Immediately thereafter Akbar razed the fort to a rubble. Chittaur was never inhabited again but it always asserted the heroic spirit of Rajput warriors.